Wednesday, 8 March 2017

WEEK 1 - Introduction to Telcommunication & Networking


COMMUNICATION
Process of imparting , conveying or exchanging of thoughts, messages, ideas , knowledge or information from one place to another. In short, its a process of transferring information.





TELECOMMUNICATIONS

  • It refers to the transfer of data from transmitter to a receiver across a distance
  • According to this website, TechopediaTelecommunications refers to the exchange of information by electronic and electrical means over a significant distance. A complete telecommunication arrangement is made up of two or more stations equipped with transmitter and receiver devices. A single co-arrangement of transmitters and receivers, called a transceiver, may also be used in many telecommunication stations.

NETWORKING

Networking is a process of connecting two or more computers for sharing. Through the networking, computers share information such as email, file, documents and resources such as printer, internet and disk storage.


COMPUTER, COMMUNICATION & TECHNOLOGY (CCT)
There are 6 main elements in for CCT; they are,

1.People
  • This element involves the human as professional also known as users/operator or end user
2. Procedure
  • specification of the series of actions, acts as operations which have to be executed in same manner in order to obtain always the same result in the same circumstances.
3. Data/Information
  • Information stored on the computer system,used by applications to complete tasks.
  • Unit for data (bit, byte, kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte, terabyte)
4. Hardware
  • Physical objects that are part of the computer system (input, process, output, storage and communication devices)
5. Software
  • Parts of the computer that have no material form
  • When it is being stored in hardware that cannot be modified, it is also known as firmware
  • Two types of software (application & system)
6. Connectivity/ Communication
  • Transmission of data
  • conversion of data analog-to-digital digital-to-analog

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